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US bomber planes spotted flying over Scandinavia as historic declaration nears collapse

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According to the Norwegian broadcaster, NRK, US bombers and warplanes are frequently flying higher latitudes suggesting Washington is “tightening its grip over the High North”. Some Scandinavia countries are considered to be no longer neutral.

Military advisor Per Eirk Solli at Northern University in Bodø said: “Recently we saw US bombers cruising over Sweden and Norway.

“The fact that the modern strategic bomber B-1B Lancer is flying over previously neutral Sweden is brand new.

“We have not seen that before.”

Last month, two US B-1 supersonic bombes flew over Sweden accompanied by Swedish jets.

They then continued over Norway and were flanked by Norwegian F-35 fighter jets.

Since May, a number of other US bombers, including B-52s and B-2s appeared near Norway.

Mr Solli said Sweden joining the US in military exercises is a “whole new development”.

He said: “If we compare activity over the last couple of years, US and Allied activity is increasing faster than Russia’s.

“What we see now, which is also new, is that Americans have begun to use their modern naval ships and bombers to send geopolitical signals.

“The fact that Sweden is also involved in this signalling together with the US is a whole new development.

“We see that the US is returning to a more traditional deterrence.

“And in addition to balancing militarily against Russia, the Americans are doing the same to China now.”

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Jeffrey Harrigian, Commander-in-Chief of the United States Air Force in Europe, defended the military exercises and said they strengthen the relationship with their allies.

He said: “The exercises strengthen the partnership with our allies, and demonstrate our ability to respond worldwide, from anywhere.”

For more than a hundred years, Sweden and Finland remained neutral but according to Norwegian Defence Minister, Frank Bakke-Jensen, they no longer do.

He said: “Sweden and Finland previously referred to themselves as neutral countries.

“They no longer do. Now they refer to themselves as non-allied, but are part of Western defence cooperation.

“This is new, but it’s also something Sweden and Finland want.”

Norway’s Labour leader, Jonas Gahr Støre, previously expressed concern NATO was not paying enough attention to Russia.

But he has seemingly changed his tune and said: “We must never get into a situation where other states are pushing up the level of tension in our proximity without us being involved.

“It is in Norway’s interest to ensure low voltage.

“There is every reason to pay attention.”

The relationship between Norway and Russia has been strained over recent years.

Both countries have accused each other of espionage and both are concerned with each other’s military presence.

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Trump humiliation: Why Eric Trump earned brutal ‘biggest mooch’ nickname’

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Donald Trump has struggled to grapple with the coronavirus outbreak currently gripping the US. This morning, it was reported that more than three million people had tested positive for COVID-19 there. Over 131,000 deaths have been recorded.

On Tuesday, the US broke its record for most new cases reported in one day.

Despite the intensity of the outbreak in the US and it currently being the worst in the world, Trump and his administration continue to downplay the severity of the crisis.

The White House announced its intentions to press forward on some reopenings across states, including schools.

Some states never fully went into lockdown, such as South Dakota, Arkansas, Iowa, North Dakota, Nebraska, and Wyoming.

US Vice President, Mike Pence, who leads the White House Coronavirus Taskforce, argued rules should not be “too tough”.

He said cases were flattening out, while Trump said on Tuesday that the US is “in a good place” regarding the pandemic.

Many have criticised Trump’s handling of the pandemic, arguing he has used it to push his reelection campaign set to take place later this year.

Trump’s family has largely supported him in his battle against COVID-19 – notably his sons, who have pushed coronavirus conspiracy theories and condemned individual states for imposing strict lockdowns.

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Eric Trump, the middle Trump child, in May claimed the pandemic will “magically all of a sudden go away and disappear” and everyone will suddenly be in favour of reopening the country.

He added that he believed the Democrats were using the coronavirus as a strategy to stop his father being reelected, claiming that the “Democrats are trying to milk this for everything they can, and it’s sad”.

Eric often appears on the Trump family’s favourite news channel – Fox News.

He does not make headlines as much as his sibling Don Jr and Ivanka.

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The 36-year-old has worked for his father’s company, and appeared on 23 episodes of “The Apprentice” US as a boardroom judge.

He has since played a role in helping to organise his father’s presidential campaigns and runs the family business alongside brother Don Jr.

Born into wealth and privilege, Eric attended some of the most expensive private schools the US had to offer growing up.

Stories are aplenty from his time during school, in which a young Eric has been portrayed as slightly behind his peers academically, prone to being the class clown and making memorable mistakes.

One such memory that has stood the test of time, reported City & State New York in 2017 during an interview with Eric, is a yearbook nickname.

Despite his family being one of the wealthiest in the country, if not the world, Eric reportedly had little access to cash while studying at Hill School in Pennsylvania.

City & State explained: “When his roommates ordered food from Hing San, he would haunt the doorway, looking for french fries.

“On excursions to the cineplex, classmates remember having to buy the billionaire’s son a movie ticket.

“His scavenging even earned him a yearbook superlative: ‘biggest mooch.’”

The nickname appears to have stuck with him for the rest of his school days.

According to Business Insider, Eric has been described as having “Trump genes, but not the Trump brand”.

Further, he and his wife, Lara, have been called the “most normal, least controversial Trump couple”.

The middle son will likely play a central role in the bid to get Trump reelected in November.

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Archaeology breakthrough: ‘Significant’ Genghis Khan discovery ends decades-old debate

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The location of a command post from where the first Great Khan staged his invasions has been the subject of lengthy debate among historians and archaeologists alike for decades. But, according to a new study from the Australian National University and the Mongolian Institute of Archaeology, researchers have found the 13th-century ruler’s “ordu” or base camp. Avraga, a Mongol Empire site located along the Avraga River in east-central Mongolia, was one of four outposts used to strengthen what would become the largest contiguous empire in history, according to the paper published in the peer-reviewed Archaeological Research in Asia.

Dr Li Narangoa, a historian at the Australian National University, said last week: “The historical documentation appears to indicate the one at Avraga was his main camp, probably for both spring and winter, so this research is significant because it provides the natural science-based proof for the findings of historians.

“This was the camp where Genghis Khan started his campaign against his southern neighbours and this work supports this, it’s a great contribution to historical research.”

Dr Jack Fenner, an archaeologist at the Australian National University, added: “Our research supports Avraga as Genghis Khan’s ordu, and while we still have no conclusive link to him, in my view, Avraga is more likely than not to have been his base camp.

“We also see evidence of religious or ceremonial functions at Avraga that we see extending into the Yuan Empire in China, which was part of the Mongol Empire’s southern expansion.”

Dr Fenner and his team used radiocarbon dating on animal bones and teeth unearthed at the archaeological site, which has been excavated for years by a joint Japanese and Mongolian team.

Japanese archaeologist Noriyuki Shiraishi suspected it was the site of Khan’s winter camp, and Dr Fenner said his research backs up the theory.

Speaking to ABC last week, Dr Fenner said: “The dating coincided very closely with Genghis Khan’s lifetime.”

But, radiocarbon results can be imprecise and Dr Fenner said the results alone could be off the mark by 15 to 20 years. so the team took multiple readings to reach their conclusion.

He added: ”What we did was take a series of radiocarbon dates from the same situation.

“Then we were able to use a statistical tool that allows us to project when the site as a whole – or at least the site is represented by our dates – was first occupied and then later abandoned.

“It’s not an exact science, but the overlap is such that it’s very likely that it was first occupied during his lifetime and was abandoned either after or within a couple of decades [of his death].”

Dr Fenner added there was more work to be done, as archaeologists are yet to unearth any artefact with a direct link to Genghis Khan at the site.

Some researchers have suggested the desire for millet, a staple of the Mongolian diet, was a key motivator behind the expansion of the Mongolian Empire, but the team’s analyses of livestock bones from Avraga do not support this.

Archaeologist Dr Joshua Wright, from the University of Aberdeen, said: ”The identification of Avraga with Genghis Khan has long been accepted and was in fact first proposed by Mongolian archaeologists in the mid-20th century.

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“What is most interesting to me about the paper is its focus on diet and herding practices in Medieval Mongolia.

“Herding is an important part of the modern and past economies of Mongolia and reconstructing the skills and choices of historical herders really gives us insight into daily lives of people in the past. 

“People who, in this case, lived and worked in proximity to the rulers of the Mongol empire.

“This paper provides another piece for a complex and developing puzzle and is a welcome contribution.”

Dr Fenner said Mongolians look to Genghis Khan’s legacy for his political organisation, like the way he promoted people based on merit rather than clan, and established a rule of law.

He added: “A lot of the world that we live in today was dramatically shaped by the development of the Mongol Empire.”

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Debt reduction only way to end "poverty trap" for some countries: World Bank chief

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The Group of 20 major economies should extend a freeze on official bilateral debt payments by the world’s poorest countries through 2021, and permanently reduce the debt load of some of the most heavily indebted ones, World Bank President David Malpass said on Wednesday.

Merely delaying debt payments would not solve the problems of countries that were already facing high levels of debt before the coronavirus pandemic, Malpass told a G20 debt conference.

“In such cases, we need to not merely reduce debt service today, but reduce debt service tomorrow and permanently,” Malpass said.

“This will create light at the end of the debt tunnel for the poorest countries. For some of the hardest hit, a systematic reduction of sovereign debt stocks is the only way to restart growth, make new investment possible and profitable, and avoid an even longer poverty trap,” he said.

Developing countries and emerging markets face dire economic consequences from the pandemic given inadequate healthcare systems, a lack of resources to offset the impact of widespread lockdowns and, in some cases, a collapse in commodity prices.

Malpass emphasized the need for increased transparency about lending and said all official bilateral creditors, including policy banks such as China’s Development Bank, should take part.

He said a new Bank database of debt levels released in June would aid transparency and would be expanded in September. He said the goal was to add data on the terms of loans, including interest rates, maturities and grace periods.

The G20 initiative should cover all external, publicly guaranteed debt, including loans made by state-owned enterprises, if they had implicit government guarantees, he said, an apparent reference to Chinese companies involved in its Belt and Road infrastructure initiative.

He also cited concerns about confidentiality clauses in official loan contracts and debt-like instruments such as long-term bilateral swap lines that are often used as funding sources by countries such as Mongolia.

Long-term contractual commitments for electricity purchases also posed a crushing burden on poor countries, he said.

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World Bank chief says some countries need permanent debt service reductions

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – World Bank President David Malpass on Wednesday called for the Group of 20 major economies to extend a freeze on official bilateral debt payments by the world’s poorest countries through 2021, and said some very heavily indebted countries will need permanent debt service reductions.

Malpass said all official bilateral creditors, including policy banks such as China’s Development Bank, should participate in the G20 debt relief initiative.

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TikTok Ban: US cracks down as Chinese app collects worrying amount of data on children

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The claims say the popular Chinese social media app – now banned in India and facing a possible ban in the US – failed to follow a 2019 agreement which protects children’s privacy. The Federal Trade Commission and the US Justice Department are probing the allegations made against TikTok. 

According to Reuters, a Massachusetts tech policy group member said they took part in calls with the FTC and Justice Department.

The talks reportedly included discussions about TikTok’s alleged failure to respect an agreement made in February 2019.

The claims against the video sharing app were made by the Center for Digital Democracy, Campaign for a Commercial-Free Childhood and others.

In May the groups asked the FTC to investigate their allegations that TikTok failed to delete videos and personal information about app users aged 13 and under among other violations.

It is not clear yet whether any action has been taken against the Chinese app by either the FTC or US Justice Department.

A spokesman for TikTok said the firm takes “safety seriously for all our users”.

They also added that in the US they “accommodate users under 13 in a limited app experience that introduces additional safety and privacy protections designed specifically for a younger audience.”

The FTC set up a consent agreement with TikTok in February last year.

Together with the Justice Department, the FTC reportedly met via video link with the campaign groups to discuss the allegations.

David Monahan, a campaign manager with the Campaign for a Commercial-Free Childhood, told Reuters about the video meeting.

He said: “I got the sense from our conversation that they are looking into the assertions that we raised in our complaint.”

Another source confirmed to Reuters that the campaign groups had met officials from the two agencies in order to examine the concerns that TikTok violated the consent agreement.

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The privacy advocacy organisations filed the complaints in May.

After the allegations were made, TikTok spokeswoman Hilary McQuaide said: “We take privacy seriously and are committed to helping ensure that TikTok continues to be a safe and entertaining community for our users.”

The consent agreement made in February last year highlighted that TikTok knew young children used the app and failed to get parental consent to collect their names, email addresses and other personal information.

The video sharing app agreed to pay a fine of $5.7 million.

But, the campaign groups said TikTok failed to delete personal information from users aged 12 and younger as it had promised in the consent agreement.

The complaint read: “We found that TikTok currently has many regular account holders who are under age 13, and many of them still have videos of themselves that were uploaded as far back as 2016, years prior to the consent decree.”

The campaign groups added: “TikTok continues to be one of the most popular apps in the world, and it is widely used by children and teens in the United States, so it is especially important that the FTC promptly and thoroughly investigate TikTok’s practices and take effective enforcement action.”

 

This comes as Fox News revealed that President Trump’s Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, is seeking to ban TikTok in the US.

Mr Pompeo reportedly said that the possible ban is in response to fears the Chinese app is being used by Beijing’s government to disperse propaganda and to spy on users.

Mr Trump and his Secretary of State are taking the reports of Beijing surveillance and propaganda through TikTok extremely seriously.

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Dozens forced into quarantine in Mongolia amid bubonic plague fears

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Dozens of people were quarantined with suspected bubonic plague cases, including one boy who reportedly contracted the disease after eating a marmot. The boy reportedly displayed a high temperature after eating the animal, which is large ground squirrel.

The animal many have been hunted by a dog prior to consumption.

The boy was in Mongolia’s Bayan-Ulgii aimag province and his condition has improved, according to medical reports.

The new case comes after an infection was reported in China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of Bayannur.

Dr Narangeral, head of ministry of health in Mongolia, said: “The child’s condition has improved and there are reports that the fever has dropped and the pain in the axillary glands has decreased.

“We also took full control of 34 suspects in the first contact.

“Samples from the child will be flown in at 22:00 tonight for testing at the National Center for Communicable Diseases.

“This is the second plague in our country. Cases of marmot plague have also been reported in Inner Mongolia, China.

“In this regard, Russia yesterday began to take measures to ban marmot hunting.

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“While our neighbours are paying close attention, our citizens are being warned not to hunt and eat marmots illegally and to follow their advice.”

A herdsman in the Inner Mongolia region is believed to be in stable condition.

The World Health Organisation said it was “carefully monitoring” the infections but it was “not high risk”.

WHO spokeswoman Margaret Harris said: “Bubonic plague has been with us and is always with us, for centuries.

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“We are looking at the case numbers in China. It’s being well managed.

“At the moment, we are not considering it high risk but we’re watching it, monitoring it carefully.”

The bubonic plague is highly infectious and can be fatal.

Dubbed the “Black Death” in the Middle Ages, the disease can be transmitted by rodents.

Although currently becoming progressively rare, infections are not uncommon in China.

Russia has set up patrols to control areas that border China and Mongolia were people can hunt for marmots.

Authorities in Russia’s Altai region, in the border with Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia, said patrols had been set up to implement a ban on hunting marmots, the TASS news agency reported.

If untreated, plague can result in death in up to 90 percent of cases.

Bubonic plague can develop pneumonic plague, which can cause shortness of breath, headaches and coughing.

The last major reported outbreak was in 2009 in the town of Ziketan in Qinghai province on the Tibetan Plateau.

Fears of a new outbreak follow the severe coronavirus pandemic, which was first documented in Wuhan, China, late last year.

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Bubonic Plague crisis: Dozens forced into quarantine as disease confirmed in China

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Cases of the deadly disease were reported in Bayan-Ulgii aimag, a province in Mongolia, after a 15-year-old boy caught the infection. The child caught the disease after eating a marmot, a type of squirrel, that was hunted by a dog. He is understood to have a high fever but medics say his condition has improved. 

Officials have since quarantined 34 other people who are suspected of having caught the Bubonic Plague. 

D. Narangeral, head of ministry of health in Mongolia, said: “The child’s condition has improved and there are reports that the fever has dropped and the pain in the axillary glands has decreased.

“We also took full control of 34 suspects in the first contact. Samples from the child will be flown in at 22:00 tonight for testing at the NCCD.

“This is the second plague in our country. Cases of marmot plague have also been reported in Inner Mongolia, China.

“In this regard, Russia yesterday began to take measures to ban marmot hunting.

“While our neighbors are paying close attention, our citizens are being warned not to hunt and eat marmots illegally and to follow their advice.”

A 27-year-old man and his brother, 17, are in hospital and described as “stable”.

Another case has been confirmed in China’s northern Inner Mongolia region.

A herdsman is said to be in a stable condition after being confirmed with the disease at the weekend.

Last year two people died after contracting the plague in Inner Mongolia from eating the raw meat of a marmot.

Marmots are a known carrier of the plague bacteria.

The disease causes patients to develop a sudden onset fever, headache, chills, muscle weakness and painful lymph nodes.

The plague was once greatly feared as it caused one of the deadliest epidemics in human history – the Black Death – which killed about 50million people across Africa, Asia and Europe in the 14th century.

But the disease can now be easily treated.

More to follow…

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Russia hits back: Furious Putin threatens UK with RETALIATION after sanctions

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Before Brexit, the UK issued sanctions against Russia as part of the EU. Vladimir Putin has singled out Britain now that it is operating as a single state. Brexit Britain has imposed sanctions not just against Russians but also against individuals from Saudi Arabia and North Korea. All the sanctions are aimed at those who have been involved in human rights abuses.

Now, 25 Russian individuals have had their UK assets frozen and are banned from entering Britain under the new Magnitsky Act.

One of those on the sanction list is Alexander Bastrykin, the head of the powerful Investigative Committee, which reports directly to President Vladimir Putin.

Many of these individuals were implicated in the death of Russian lawyer Sergei Magnitsky in 2009.

Many Russian oligarchs have laundered vast fortunes overseas, particularly in London’s property market.

Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab said the measures were aimed at stopping the laundering of what he deemed “blood money”.

Mr Raab said the new law will be focused on people responsible for the “very worst human rights abuses”.

The Foreign Secretary said the new sanctions law will mean the end of human rights violators being able to “waltz into this country to buy up property on the King’s Road, or do their Christmas shopping in Knightsbridge”.

The new Magnitsky Act will also take aim at Saudi individuals implicated in the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

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The genocidal conditions set up by the Myanmar government that has seen the decimation of the Rohingya population will also be a focus.

Individuals involved in facilitating North Korean gulags could be targeted by the sanctions.

Now Moscow has announced they will respond against the UK with reciprocal measures.

Russia has declared it will sanction British individuals who have assets within the Russian Federation.

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Trump SHOCK election poll: Black Lives Matter protests will get Trump re-elected

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According to the poll conducted by the Washington based thinktank the Democracy Institute, President Trump is neck and neck with his rival Joe Biden on 47 percent. However, Mr Trump would win in the electoral college system by 309 to 229 delegates because he is on course to win the crucial swing states including Florida, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin where he outpolls Vice President Biden by 48 percent to 44 percent.

The findings come as the US President went to the iconic Mount Rushmore to make a speech attacking “the angry mobs” who want to erase America’s history.

He told the crowd of supporters: “There is a new far-left fascism that demands absolute allegiance. If you do not speak its language, perform its rituals, recite its mantras, and follow its commandments then you will be censored, banished, blacklisted, persecuted, and punished. Not gonna happen to us.”

According to the poll, the concerns over the effects of the protests appear to be boosting Mr Trump’s chances even though his campaign is believed to be flagging.

Given a choice between which phrases identified their views 71 percent chose “all lives matter” while 29 percent picked “black lives matter”.

Meanwhile, with statues of presidents and other historic figures being attacked and pulled down across the US, 74 percent said they disapproved of the actions while 77 percent disagreed with the assertion supported by many Democrat politicians that Mount Rushmore with the faces of four US Presidents carved on it “is racist”.

The poll showed that 59 percent approved of the President’s handling of the riots and protests but 40 percent want him to be tougher while 60 percent think Mr Biden has not been critical enough.

In addition, 67 percent prefer President Trump’s law and order message compared to 29 percent who want black community relations improved with the police.

Hopes that a black running mate for Vice President Biden will help seal the campaign for him have also been questioned in the poll with 79 percent saying it would make no difference.

And of greater concern for the Democrats is that Mr Trump is still polling strong with ethnic minority voters – 35 percent for black voters and 34 percent for Hispanics.

Worse still is Mr Biden’s mental health after some stumbling performances and public concerns that he may be suffering from the early stages of dementia have also had an impact.

According to the poll 55 percent believe he is suffering from cognitive problems and 44 percent say that it means they are less likely to vote for him while 58 percent think aged 77 he is too old to be President.

Patrick Basham, the director of the Democracy Institute, said: “Between now and Election Day, the factor that will most influence the final outcome will be the debates between President Trump and his Democratic opponent. Should Biden regain some of his past skill at coasting through such encounters with moderate, platitudinous comments delivered with a smile, a little humour, and an Everyman demeanour, he will retain a good chance of enjoying a very competitive election.

“But, should Biden have even one ‘senior moment’ during which he forgets what he’s saying, or where he is, or the question posed to him, his chances of beating Trump will be somewhere between slim and none.”

The poll also appears to confirm that President Trump is benefiting from “silent support” which means it is not showing up in a lot of polls and has made Biden the odds on favourite to win.

While 77 percent of Trump voters are “enthusiastic” compared to 43 percent of Biden voters, 66 percent of Trump voters would not admit how they are voting to a friend or relative compared to just one third of Biden backers.

But the US President comes out as top for strong leader 67 percent while Biden is seen as a consensus builder 55 percent and more likeable 60 percent.

Democracy Institute/ Sunday Express poll

Trump’s National Job Approval

  • Approve = 47%
  • Disapprove = 52%

Enthusiasm Gap?

  • Trump voters = 77%

  • Biden voters = 43%

  • Trump voters: positive vote = 81%; negative vote = 19%

  • Biden voters: positive vote = 29%; negative vote = 71%

Q “Could your vote change before Election Day?”

  • Trump voters: Yes = 4%

  • Biden voters: Yes = 12%

“Shy” Trump Vote?

Questions to Undecided Voters

Q “Does a relative or a friend plan to vote for Trump?”

  • Yes = 66%

  • No = 34%

Q. “Will President Trump be reelected?”

  • Yes = 52%

  • No = 48%

Question to All Voters

Q. “Are you comfortable with your relatives, friends, and coworkers knowing how you vote?”

  • Trump voters: Yes = 29%

  • Biden voters: Yes = 82%

National Popular Vote

  • Trump = 47%

  • Biden = 47%

  • Undecided = 6%

  • White voters: Trump = 52%   Biden = 46% 

  • Black: Trump 16%    Biden = 81% 

  • Hispanic: Trump 34%    Biden = 51% 

Battleground States – Popular Vote

Florida, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin

  • Trump = 48%

  • Biden = 44%

  • Undecided = 8%

Electoral College Vote Projection (if election voting mirrored these poll results)

270 needed to win

  • Trump = 309 [picks-up Minnesota & New Hampshire]

  • Biden = 229 [picks-up Wisconsin]

Candidate Characteristics

Biden’s Mental Acuity

Q “Do you think Joe Biden is experiencing some form of cognitive decline, such as the early stages of dementia?”

  • Yes 55%

  • No 40%

  • Don’t know 5%

Q “Does your opinion of Joe Biden’s mental acuity make you more or less likely to vote for him?”

  • More likely 19%

  • Less likely 44%

  • No difference 37%

Leadership

Q “Is Trump/Biden a strong leader?”

  • Trump = 67%

  • Biden = 27%

Q “Is Trump/Biden a consensus builder?”

  • Trump = 22%

  • Biden = 55%

Q “Is Donald Trump a populist?”

  • Yes = 70%

  • No = 30%

Q “Is Joe Biden an establishment politician?”

  • Yes = 61%

  • No = 39%

Personal Traits

  • Trump = 37%

  • Biden = 58%

Q “Is Trump/Biden a likeable person?”

  • Trump = 30%

  • Biden = 60%

Q “Would you happily invite Trump/Biden to your 4th of July weekend party or barbecue?”

  • Trump = 33%

  • Biden = 51%

  • Neither = 16%

Q “Would you give Trump/Biden $10,000 of your own money to invest on your behalf?”

  • Trump = 65%

  • Biden = 31%

Race

Black Lives Matter

Q “Which phrase better fits your own thinking about race in America?”

  • Black Lives Matter = 29%

  • All Lives Matter = 71%

Biden’s Running Mate

Q “Would Joe Biden’s selection of a black running mate make you more or less likely to vote for him?”

  • More likely 15%

  • Less likely 9%

  • No difference 76%

Monuments / Statues

Q “Do you approve or disapprove of the removal of historic monuments and statues because certain individuals or groups find them offensive?”

  • Approve 15%

  • Disapprove 74%

  • Don’t Know 11%

Mount Rushmore

Q “Do you agree with the New York Times that Mount Rushmore is a racist monument?”

  • Agree 15%

  • Disagree 77%

  • Don’t Know 8%

Policing / Law & Order

Q “Has President Trump’s approach to the ongoing protests and riots been too tough, just right under the circumstances, or not tough enough?”

  • Too tough 27%

  • Just right 28%

  • Not tough enough 45%

Q “Do you approve/disapprove of President Trump’s handling of the protests and riots?”

  • Approve = 59%

  • Disapprove = 40%

Q “Has Joe Biden been sufficiently critical of the violent rioting?”

  • Yes = 38%

  • No = 60%

Q “Should government prioritise law & order on city streets or prioritise improving relations between black Americans and the police?”

  • Law & order = 67% 

  • Improving relations between black Americans & police = 29%

Q “Do you support de-funding your local police department?”

  • Yes = 16% 

  • No = 75%

Pandemic

Q “Is the economy rebounding from the COVID-19 pandemic-induced shutdown?”

  • Yes = 65%

  • No = 32%

Q “Do you approve/disapprove of President Trump’s handling of the COVID-19 pandemic?”

  • Approve = 40%

  • Disapprove = 49%

Hong Kong/China/UK

Q “Will Trump or Biden do a better job of standing up to China?”

  • Trump = 61%

  • Biden = 35%

Q “Do you approve or disapprove of the protests in Hong Kong against the new security law imposed upon Hong Kong by China?”

  • Approve 67%

  • Disapprove 22%

  • Don’t Know 11%

Q “UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson plans to offer a path to British citizenship for three million Hong Kong citizens. Do you agree or disagree with his offer?”

  • Agree 64%

  • Disagree 29%

  • Don’t know 7%

Q “On Tuesday, a bipartisan group of politicians in Congress introduced a bill to give refugee status here in America to Hong Kong residents at risk of persecution under the new security law. Do you approve or disapprove of this bill?”

  • Approve 59%

  • Disapprove 34%

  • Don’t Know 7%

Poll Methodology

The fieldwork for this survey of a randomly selected national telephone (landline and cell) sample of 1,500 likely voters was conducted by the Democracy Institute’s polling unit from July 1-3 2020. The survey was conducted via interactive voice response, in which recorded questions were played for randomly dialled respondents and answers were given via their telephone keypads. The poll has a margin of error of +/- 2.5 percent at a 95 percent confidence interval. To ensure a representative sample, the results were weighted for key demographic and political variables including, but not limited to, party identification, gender, age, education, income, region, voting history, and mobile phone-only households. The party identification turnout model is: Democrats = 38 percent; Republicans = 38 percent; and Independents = 24 percent.

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